The intrauterine device, or IUD, also called “intrauterine contraception” or “IUC”, is a small “T” shaped device that is placed in the uterus. There are two types of IUDs, copper and hormonal.
The copper IUD, also known by it’s brand name, Paragard, does not have hormones. It has small amounts of copper wrapped around the stem. It primarily prevents pregnancy by killing sperm and therefore preventing fertilization. Copper IUDs can also be used as an emergency contraception option. In this case, the copper IUD prevents a fertilized egg from implanting into the lining of the uterus.
There are a variety of hormonal IUDs including Kyleena, Liletta, Mirena, and Skyla. These IUDs prevent pregnancy by releasing a small amount of progestin each day. This causes the mucus in the cervix to become thicker and stops the sperm from reaching the egg or affects the ability of a fertilized egg to successfully implant in the uterus.
Greater than 99% effective for typical use
Greater than 99% effective when used perfectly
Things you may like about IUDs:
- Long-term option – the copper IUD prevents pregnancy for up to 10 years, and the hormonal IUDs prevent pregnancy for 3-6 years depending on the device
- Can be removed anytime
- Safe and highly effective birth control method
- Private and discreet
- Convenient and hassle-free once inserted
- Can reduce the risk of ovarian and endometrial cancer
- High level of user satisfaction
- Copper IUD does not have hormones
- Hormonal IUDs can cause a reduction in cramps and bleeding
Things you may dislike about IUDs:
- Requires an office procedure for insertion
- Partial or complete loss of device leading to pregnancy
- Increased risk of pelvic inflammatory disease or HIV infection
- Strings can get lost or other string problems
- Potential side-effects include:
- Potential puncturing of the uterus (rare)
- Embedding into the uterus(rare)
- Cervical perforation (rare)
$250 – $1,000 at MyAlly Health, depending on brand, however this method may be free or low cost for you. Ask about our sliding-fee-scale.
Can cost $5,000+ plus the cost of insertion at other clinics.
*Disclaimer: Costs are an estimate. Additional or different services may be ordered by the provider that may not be included in this price.
Does it protect against STIs?
No. The IUD does not protect from STIs. Use condoms to reduce the spread of STIs.
Disclaimer: This website is for educational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have.